Cinema is an art of the show. In French, it is designated as the seventh art , according to the expression of the critic Ricciotto Canudo in the 1920s. The cinematographic art is characterized by the spectacle proposed to the public in the form of a film, C ie a (fictional or documentary) narrative, conveyed by a support (flexible film, magnetic tape, digital container) which is recorded and read by a continuous or intermittent mechanism that creates the illusion of moving images , or by a continuous recording and reading of computer data. The communication to the audience of the recorded show, which differs thus differentiates from the living show, is originally done by the illumination through the support, the passage of light by a set of mirrors or / and optical lenses, and the Projection of this light beam on a transparent screen (emile Reynaud, Thomas Edison) or opaque (Louis Light), or the digital signal broadcast on a plasma or LED screen. In the original and limiting sense, cinema is the public projection of a movie on a screen (in room or outdoors). From Émile Reynaud, in 1892, the creators of films understand that the projected show wins to be accompanied by a music that builds the atmosphere of the story, or emphasizes each action represented. Very quickly, they add noises caused by an assistant on the occasion of each projection, and make the actions commenced by a dwellinger too much in the room. Since its invention, cinema has become both a folk art, an entertainment, an industry and a media. It can also be used for advertising, propaganda, pedagogy or scientific research or to be a personal and singular artistic practice.

The term cinema is the abbreviation of cinematograph (from the Greek κίνημα / kínēma, movement and γραφή / graphê, art of writing, writing ), name given by Léon Bouly to the capture of the view. He deposits the patent in 1892. having no longer paid the rights in the following years, and his invention running short, he loses the property and the brothers light take him back. Antoine Light (the Father) would have preferred that the machine of his sons be named domitor , but Louis and Auguste preferred cinematographer, word to their opinion more dynamic. However, the word of Antoine returned in 1985, the International Association for the Development of Research on the cinema of the first time having, with a little humor, nicknamed their association Domitor. The cinema is polysemic, it can designate the filmic art, or the techniques of animated photography and their presentation to the public, or by metonymy, the room in which the films are shown. It is in this last meaning that the term itself is often abbreviated into French in the familiar language, in ciney or cinoche , the reference to the screen of projection having also given the expression of the cinephiles, Get a canvas . In the same register, to make his cinema , it s cinema (it s false or exaggerated), are expressions born from the 7th art.

Highlights from the 2021 Venice International Film Festival
Note that in 1891, Thomas Edison appoints Camera Kinetograph the animated photographic shooting device he imagined and his assistant, William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, develops, and who is at the origin of the first films of the Cinema, from 1891. This term kinetograph (according to the old Kinetos and Graphic Greek which mean respectively animated and write ) serves as a basis for designing cinema in several languages ​​other than Latin. Kino, both in German and in Russian, and in many other languages, refers to cinema.
If the films are representative objects of specific crops, of which they are the sometimes faithful reflection, their diffusion is potentially universal, the stories they convey are indeed based on the great feelings shared by all humanity. Their operations, favored by the subtitling or dubbing of the dialogues, has become secondary at the commercial level, the sale of the broadcast rights to television channels, and their provision in domestic formats became the main sources of Recipes of cinema.

Besides Cannes and Venice, the Berlinale is one of the largest film festivals in the world. While in the current year has been dispensed with an international jury and a presence event, the 2022 should change again. As the film festival announced on Tuesday in Berlin, a well-known filmmaker will take over the post of jury president.

Director M. Night Shyamalan is the most probably by films such as The Sixth Sense or Signs – Sign . The Indian-Stämmig Americans fetle with his genre films for three decades worldwide the audience, says the festival line report. Shyamalan focuses in its thrillers mostly on extraordinary stories with supernatural elements. As the President of the International Jury, the filmmaker decides next year, who clears the golden and silver bears on the Berlinale.

Bad tongues could now say: just shyamalan may judge films? For though many of his works at the cinema company celebrated ordinary success, the director s reputation is not exactly the best in the industry. In 1999 he managed the international breakthrough with the psycho-thriller The Sixth Sense . During the stripes with Bruce Willis in the main role still consistently good reviews and even oscarnominations, the successor films of Shyamalan polarized the cinema public already significantly stronger. With Unbreakable – unbreakable , Signs sign and The Village – the village the director brought films on the large screen in the following years, which split the minds. For many, they are still valid as masterpieces, but others would rather class them in the Trash category.

With the horror movie The Visit – the visit , Shyamalan decided to finance his future works itself to realize his own artistic vision and preserve his own style. Other jury members of the Berlinale 2022 will be announced in the coming weeks. The 72nd edition of the International Film Festival is planned from 10 to 20 February in the German capital.

Source: Berlinale

From Michael Grünwald
editor
20.10.2021 at 11:40